Exploring the Origins of the New Testament Canon and Other Biblical and Theological Issues

κανών, kanōn: rule or standard; collection of biblical books.

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One of the Core Markers of Early Christian Identity

One of the most notable features of early Christianity is that it was a religion concerned with books. Particularly, scriptural books.

As Margaret Mitchell observed, “Christianity was a religious movement with texts at its very heart and soul, it its background and foreground. Its communities were characterized by a pervading, even obsessive preoccupation with and habitus for sacred literature.”

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Pastoral Ministry

One of the Most Important Ministry Skills That Nobody Talks About

What’s the most important skill you need to be successful in ministry? Knowing how to run a good meeting. Ok, that’s not really true. Many other things matter more (a lot more!). But, running a good meeting still matters.  And more than you think. Even those who’ve only been in ministry a short time know...

February 12, 2024

Articles

Authority of Scripture

Is the Book of James Really ‘An Epistle of Straw’?

We have a lot of books in our New Testament. All of them, we believe, are divinely inspired. And yet we don’t spend equal amounts of time reading them. For most of us, our reading pattern is profoundly lopsided, focusing mostly on Paul (especially Romans and Galatians) and the Gospels (with John leading the way)....

January 29, 2024

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Ancient Manuscripts

Recent Books on the Paratextual Features of Early Christian Manuscripts

There is more to a text than merely the words on the page. This is a principle that is often missed, even by modern readers. When a person reads a book, of course the intellectual attention is primarily centered upon the words and the meaning of those words. But, most readers don’t realize that there...

January 22, 2024

Articles

Pastoral Ministry

One of the Most Important Ministry Skills That Nobody Talks About

What’s the most important skill you need to be successful in ministry? Knowing how to run a good meeting. Ok, that’s not really true. Many other things matter more (a lot more!). But, running a good meeting still matters.  And more than you think. Even those who’ve only been in ministry a short time know...

February 12, 2024

Articles

Authority of Scripture

Is the Book of James Really ‘An Epistle of Straw’?

We have a lot of books in our New Testament. All of them, we believe, are divinely inspired. And yet we don’t spend equal amounts of time reading them. For most of us, our reading pattern is profoundly lopsided, focusing mostly on Paul (especially Romans and Galatians) and the Gospels (with John leading the way)....

January 29, 2024

Articles

Ancient Manuscripts

Recent Books on the Paratextual Features of Early Christian Manuscripts

There is more to a text than merely the words on the page. This is a principle that is often missed, even by modern readers. When a person reads a book, of course the intellectual attention is primarily centered upon the words and the meaning of those words. But, most readers don’t realize that there...

January 22, 2024

Articles

Authority of Scripture

Three Reasons the Old Testament is More Important than You Think

When it comes to the reasons people reject the Bible, the Old Testament might just rank near the top of the list.  Whether it’s just something confusing (the book of Leviticus), or something historically hard to believe (the “giants” of Genesis 6), or even something offensive (God’s supposed condoning of genocide), the Old Testament has...

January 15, 2024

Articles

Ancient Manuscripts

Is P.Oxy. 5575 the Only Manuscript that Mixes Synoptic Material with the Gospel of Thomas?

Further Reflections on the New ‘Gospel’ Fragment from Oxyrhynchus

Back in September of 2023, I published an article on the newly discovered “gospel” manuscript from Oxyrhynchus: “New ‘Gospel’ Manuscript Discovered? (What it Is and Why it Matters).” That manuscript, labelled P.Oxy. 5575, is a small papyrus manuscript dated to the second-century that exhibits a most notable feature, namely that it apparently contains a conglomeration...

January 8, 2024

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Academics & Seminary

RTS Charlotte 2023 Year in Review

Well, it’s New Year’s Eve. It’s the time of the year to be inundated with “Best of” stories and “Year in Review” segments, dutifully cataloging everything that happened in pop culture or politics. But, what if a “Year in Review” was about more than celebrities or sports teams? What if we did a year in...

December 31, 2023

A Vast Collection of Resources

Explore a wide range of resources on the origins of the New Testament, and other theological issues

About Dr.
Michael J. Kruger

Welcome to the website of Michael J. Kruger, President and Samuel C. Patterson Professor of New Testament and Early Christianity at Reformed Theological Seminary, Charlotte, NC.

Featured Content

How to Face Apparent Contradictions in the Gospels

In this article for The Gospel Coalition, Dr. Michael Kruger explores how to face apparent contradictions in the Gospels, specifically the census account in Luke 2.

Hope in Doubt: How to Face Our Own Questions about the Faith in a Skeptical Age

Dr. Kruger explores the role of doubt in the Christian life, what causes people to doubt, and how we can fight against it.

How Did We Get the Bible We Have Today?

How did we get the specific books of Bible that we hold in our hands today? Scott Rae discusses this with Dr. Michael Kruger, one of the leading contemporary NT scholars who specializing in the formation of the NT canon.

One of the Core Markers of Early Christian Identity

One of the Most Important Ministry Skills That Nobody Talks About

Is the Book of James Really ‘An Epistle of Straw’?

Recent Books on the Paratextual Features of Early Christian Manuscripts

Three Reasons the Old Testament is More Important than You Think

Is P.Oxy. 5575 the Only Manuscript that Mixes Synoptic Material with the Gospel of Thomas?

Latest Books

Bully Pulpit: Confronting the Problem of Spiritual Abuse in the Church

Are churches looking for the wrong kind of leaders? The last decade has witnessed a rising number of churches wrecked by spiritual abuse–harsh, heavy-handed, domineering behavior from those in a position of spiritual authority. And high-profile cases are only a small portion of this widespread problem. Behind the scenes are many more cases of spiritual abuse that we will never hear about. Victims suffer in silence, not knowing where to turn.

Latest Books

5 Things to Pray for Your Spouse: Prayers That Change and Strengthen Your Marriage

A happy and healthy marriage is one of God’s sweetest gifts to us. And one of the best ways to nurture that is through the power of prayer. This guide will help you to pray bold, Scripture-based prayers for your husband or wife that will strengthen and enrich your marriage. It covers 21 prayer themes, with each one including five prayer prompts from a particular passage of Scripture. You’ll be equipped to pray deep and effective prayers for your spouse’s character and spiritual walk, for your life together as a couple and through challenging seasons.

Latest Books

Surviving Religion 101: Letters to a Christian Student on Keeping the Faith in College

For many young adults, the college years are an exciting period of self discovery full of new relationships, new independence, and new experiences. Yet college can also be a time of personal testing and intense questioning― especially for Christian students confronted with various challenges to Christianity and the Bible for the first time. Drawing on years of experience as a biblical scholar, Michael Kruger addresses common objections to the Christian faith―the exclusivity of Christianity, Christian intolerance, homosexuality, hell, the problem of evil, science, miracles, and the reliability of the Bible.

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