Is It a Waste of Time for Seminary Students (and Pastors) to Learn the Biblical Languages?

Michael J. Kruger

Posted on

July 28, 2022

It’s that time of year again.

On Monday, a wonderful new crop of seminary students here at RTS-Charlotte will begin the grueling month-long experience of Summer Greek. And, like all seminary students before them, they will begin to ask the question of why studying these ancient languages even matters. After all, a few years after graduation all will be forgotten. In the midst of a busy ministry life, who could possibly maintain proficiency in the languages?

As a result of these questions, some students decide (very early on) that the biblical languages are just something to be endured. They are like a hazing ritual at a college fraternity or sorority. No one likes it, but you have to go through it to be in the club. And then it will be over.

Behind this “take your medicine” approach to the biblical languages are a couple of assumptions that need to be challenged. First, the characterization of ministry as somehow incompatible with the languages (due to busyness, or other causes), is an unfortunate misunderstanding of what ministry is all about.

To be sure, there are all kinds of different ministries that involve a variety of different responsibilities. Some will shepherd the flock, others will organize ministry events, others will do one-on-one counseling. But, in the midst of that variety, the core of all ministries is the word of God.

Thus, a significant component of ministry life should be devoted to serious study of the biblical text. This is especially true for those who are called to be an ordained pastor.

Put differently, all those in ministry should continue to be students. They need to be readers, thinkers, and theologians.

One of my biggest disappointments is when I go into a pastor’s office and see that there are no (or very few) books. It is like going into a carpenter’s shop and seeing no tools. I remind such pastors of the words of Cicero: “A room without books is like a body without a soul.”

If we keep our focus on God’s word as our foundation, then keeping up with the biblical languages should be a more natural part of our weekly activity. If we work in a “study” instead of an “office” then studying might just come more easily.

But, there is a second assumption behind the “take your medicine” approach to the biblical languages. Many students assume that the study of the languages is useless if the specifics are forgotten at a later point. Indeed, this may be the biggest assumption in the mind of today’s seminary students.

This assumption, however, needs to challenged. Even if a student forgets every single vocabulary word and every verb paradigm, the intensive study of the languages during seminary still plays an enormously significant role. Put simply, it helps students think textually.

Prior to learning the languages, most of us simply do not know how to think on a textual level when it comes to studying the Scripture. But after learning Greek or Hebrew (even if we forget it), we now understand grammar, syntax, logical flow, and sentence structure. Moreover, we understand the way words work, how their meaning is determined (or not determined), the importance of context, and the avoidance of certain exegetical fallacies.

These factors alone are incredibly important for proper interpretation of the text and preparation of a sermon. And they are drilled into our heads when we take the biblical languages—even if we forget them later.

So, students and pastors should be encouraged. There are good reasons to think you can retain your knowledge of the languages, if your role as “minister of the Word” is properly understood. But, even if you don’t, many of the benefits still remain.

[Note: I post a version of this article every year as seminary students arrive. I hope it will prove helpful for a new group of readers (or maybe even prior ones!)]

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