Confused by All the Attacks on the Bible? Here Are Three Categories to Help You

Michael J. Kruger

Posted on

January 22, 2018

When it comes to the truth of the Bible, our world has found plenty of reasons to reject it. We are bombarded with a dizzying variety of objections. So much so, that the average believer is quickly overwhelmed.

It’s a bit like being in a fight with multiple opponents at the same time.  You might have a chance in a one-on-one contest, but it is disorientating when punches are coming from all sides.  You can’t block them all.

One helpful way to address this problem is to learn how to separate these varied objections into distinct categories.  This simple step allows us to organize our thinking. This helps us get a clearer picture of what particular opponent we are dealing with.

So, here are the three categories of Bible objections.  Indeed, I might argue that just about any objection falls into one of these three categories.  Our purpose here is not to answer the objections but just to explain them.

The Bible’s Origins

The first category has to do with where the Bible comes from–i.e., its historical origins.  Objections abound in this category:  Who wrote the Bible? How did they get their information? Why should we trust them?

In addition, scholars have raised questions about whether the biblical books were really authored by the names attached to them.  What if they were forgeries?  What if they were written by someone pretending to be someone else?

On top of this are questions about the biblical canon.  Why just this number of books?  Who decided these were the right ones?  And what about the “other” books out there that didn’t make it into the canon?

So, there’s plenty of fodder for discussion in this first category.

The Bible’s Transmission

But, even if we conclude that the biblical authors are legitimate and trustworthy, and even if we have reasons to think we have the right books in our canon, there is still a second question to be asked: Do we actually have these books? Or, put more precisely, do we actually have the words of these books?

Even if, say, John wrote the Gospel that bears his name, and even if he is reliable, there’s still the question of whether we actually have what John wrote.  Were biblical books reliably copied?  Who were the scribes?  Did they make mistakes?  How many mistakes?

Of course, this sort of objection has gained new traction in recent years with the writings of Bart Ehrman. He has put his sights precisely on this question of whether these books have been reliably transmitted to us.  And he says they have not:

How does it help us to say that the Bible is the inerrant word of God if in fact we don’t have the words that God inerrantly inspired, but only the words copied by the scribes—sometimes correctly but sometimes (many times!) incorrectly?

The Bible’s Content

It is worth noting that the objections thus far have very little to do with what the Bible actually says.  They have been more about the history of the Bible or the transmission of the Bible.

But there’s a final category to consider, and this is a big one.  Many people know nothing about the Bible’s history or transmission.  Indeed, they may have never even thought about it.  But, they have read the Bible.  And they find what they read to be deeply problematic.

There are several objections people make to the Bible’s content.  Some think the Bible contradicts itself (or at least they have heard that it does).  For others, the Bible makes historical errors–it claims something happened a certain way when it didn’t.  And still for others, the Bible contains things that are just not possible (seas parting, people rising from the dead, etc.).

But a major reason people object to the Bible’s content is on moral grounds.  They find the teachings of the Bible to be bigoted, misogynistic, judgmental, or offensive.

In short, they just don’t like it.  For more on moral objections to the Bible, see here.


The purpose of this post has been simple, namely to lay out the three major categories of Bible objections.  I am convinced that just about any sort of objection can fall into one of these three areas.

It has not been my purpose here to answer these objections, but merely to help people understand them.  And understanding them is the first step to responding to them.


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